Tag Archives: Coast Salish

Seattle Art Museum – Photo Wednesday

The Seattle Art Museum is a treasure trove. A great place to spend an afternoon, and to “travel” the continents, admiring art and artifacts from around the world.  Until May 17, the SAM features Indigenous Beauty, an exquisite special exhibition. Don’t miss it. This post is not about that particular exhibition (because photography was not allowed in that section), but it focuses on the art and artifacts of West Coast  artists from several First Nations.

First, a quick description of the very colourful transformation mask pictured above: this is part of a full set of Thunderbird regalia by Calvin Hunt, a Kwakwaka’wakw artist from Fort Rupert (or Tsaxis), on the northern tip of Vancouver Island, BC.
Sacred Change for Each Other. Robe woven by Susan Pavel, adopted Skohomish. Photo © Andrée Fredette

Above, Sacred Change for Each Other,  a blanket woven by Susan Pavel. This American artist is an adopted Skohomish. This is the first Salish mountain goat wool robe to be woven in 100 years, and a gift to the museum in 2007. According to the artist:

“This robe or blanket is more than just a garment: it is a feminine entity that has come forth to bring many teaching. The “Sacred change” refers to the revitalization of Coast Salish cultural practices. The wavy lines and zigzags represent the life force, while the dashes are backbones, reminding us to be strong against life’s challenges.”

On to the powerful work of Susan Point, a remarkable Coast Salish artist of the Musqueam band, in Vancouver, BC, who works in red and yellow cedar, as in the piece below, The First People, but also creates commissions in metal, cast concrete, and so on. Check out her public art pieces for the City of Seattle, on her website. And take a look at her serigraphs, at the Spirit Wrestler Gallery website.

The First People, by Susan Point. Red and yellow cedar. Photo © Andrée Fredette

I closed in for a detail shot, to show the contrast between areas with deliberate tool marks, and the very smooth finish of the faces.

The First People, detail. Susan Point, Coast Salish Musqueam Nation. Photo © Andrée Fredette

Then, the piece below stopped me in my tracks. Human Being Neck Ring (Bagwikala),  is an accessory for the Kwakwaka’wakw dancer.

Human Neck Ring, ca. 1910, by Mungo Martin or Charlie James. Kwagu'l. Photo © Andrée Fredette

I am very interested in native ceremonial regalia and have admired many masks and accessories for dancers in museums and galleries all over North America. But I have never seen a human being neck ring before. This one was made by Mungo Martin or Charlie James, around 1910. Here is the museum’s description of its meaning:

“Red-dyed cedar bark neck rings are part of the costume of the hamat’sa. As the dancer is progressively tamed, his costume changes from the hemlock bows that he wears when he’s in a wild condition, to red-dyed cedar bark neck rings, arm bands and ankle bands, and eventually to the blanket or robe which he wears in his tame state. Some neck rings have carved figures added. There are only two or three other known examples of neck rings.”

The Hamat’sa is a winter dance, an element of a complex ritual. If you are curious about that ritual, click on this video.

Returning to Calvin Hunt’s dancer’s regalia with which I started the post (mask at the top), the photo below shows the “leggings and toe covers” for the dancer.

Foot and leg pieces for ceremonial dancer, by Calvin Hunt, Canadian Kwagu'l. Photo © Andrée Fredette

Well, I started this post at the head, with a powerful mask by Calvin Hunt, and am finishing it at the feet of the same regalia. Take a minute to reflect on the meaning of these costumes, the investment in time and effort required to create them, traditionally, for those special occasions. And the imagination and beliefs that powered it all.